Infertility is the inability of a couple to conceive and become pregnant after one year of regular, unprotected sex. About half of the infertility problems are due to female infertility, and the other half are due to male infertility. There are many ways to treat infertility in both men and women. There are more options available for treating infertility in women than in men.
Fertility drugs are usually the first step in treatment for the many infertile couples out in the world. Having a child is no less than a miracle and no one should be made to not enjoy parenthood. This is why we all need to thank the ever progressing science for its development of the many fertility pills to get pregnant. The way the fertility drugs work is that they increase the levels of particular hormones in one’s body which then help in maturing and releasing one or more eggs each month – the phenomenon called ovulation. If one is having problems with ovulation and is facing infertility issues, one’s doctor may prescribe certain medicine to help a woman get pregnant. These medicines are called fertility booster pills and they promote ovulation. However, it is not always the woman who is infertile and the man can be equally responsible for infertility and inability to have children.
The answer to the question of what fertility pills are is very easy to answer in words but the solutions might not be easy to get fertile or pregnant. Fertility pills are medications which enhance reproductive fertility. Fertility medication is used for women to stimulate follicle development of the ovary. However, there are very few fertility pill options available for men as of today. There are no effective medications to treat Oligospermia or low sperm count, thus other assisted reproductive technologies might be used. Fertility medications for men are currently an ongoing research. As per a research study in Egypt, a combination of clomiphene and vitamin E might help in improving sperm count and sperm motility to treat male infertility.
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Infertility Causes for Men
It is estimated that more than 90% of the infertility cases in men are due to low sperm count, poor sperm quality, or both, or even abnormal sperm shape sometimes. There are many other reasons as well that cause male infertility like hormonal imbalances, genetic defects or other anatomical problems. Age is another big factor that may lead to reduced sperm count and motility and thus decrease the overall quality of the sperm. Lifestyle factors like smoking and substance abuse is also a cause that leads to infertility in men.
However, it is not easy to diagnose as to if the woman is infertile or the man. Thus there are some specific tests for the male infertility like semen analysis, in order to evaluate the quality and quantity of the sperm; blood tests to test the hormone levels in a man; imaging tests to test for structural problems and genetic testing to test for genetic diseases or to identify sperm DNA fragmentation.
There are many ways to treat male infertility. Medications and drugs may be used to treat hormonal disorders. Surgery is an option to treat obstructions in the reproductive tract.
Treatment for Men Infertility
Treatment for male infertility should first address medical conditions that may be contributing to fertility problems. Drug therapy can be used to treat hormonal disorders. Surgery may be used to repair varicoceles and correct any obstructions in the reproductive tract. In some cases intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is also used in combination with in vitro fertilization (IVF) to achieve pregnancy in women. The egg is then implanted into the woman.
Fertility medication for men helps in correcting the hormonal imbalances and improving the sperm health thus increasing a man’s fertility potential.
How Male Fertility Drugs Help
Fertility pills or medication for men can help with many male infertility conditions like:
- Male hormone imbalance
- Poor sperm quantity, motility and mobility
- Hormonal imbalance in the hypothalamus or pituitary gland that prevents the testicles from attaining the signal to produce sperm.
However, the medications cannot treat blockages in the reproductive tract, retrograde ejaculation or varicocele. For these conditions, where medications cannot help, surgery may be the best option available.
Male Fertility Drugs
If the man is facing infertility due to abnormality in hormonal levels, the doctor may prescribe the man one of the many gonadotropin treatments.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) Gonadotropin treatment for infertility in men can include human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) shots of 1500 to 2000 IU about two to three times a week for up to three to six months. In this time the man receiving the shots will have his blood testosterone monitored. The way this treatment works is by signaling the testicles to produce sperm and testosterone.
Human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) with hCG injections
If the human chorionic gonadotropin treatment did not work well even after 6 months, the doctor may then prescribe human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) along with the hCG injections.
Recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (rhFSH)
If sperm counts of the man do not increase on hCG by itself, another option to boost the effect of fertility medication is to bring in recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (rhFSH). However, this treatment is a long one and can take up to two years for a man to achieve fertility.
- This is one of the most common fertility drugs prescribed to women with infertility issues; clomiphene citrate (Clomid) is another good option for male infertility. The usual dosage for men is one pill of Clomid each day for about four to six months. The way Clomid works for men is by signaling the pituitary gland to produce follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), which then signals the testicles to produce testosterone and sperm.
There are also fertility drugs available over the counter in stores like Walmart and Walgreens. FertilAid for Men Natural Fertility Supplement is available at Walgreens at just $29.99, a small price to pay to regain fertility. As per the indications on the bottle, it aims at improving sperm count and motility. And unlike many other fertility drugs over the counter that are available in such stores, this particular supplement has many good reviews on the websites as well.
There are also some herbal remedies to treat infertility in men.
- American Ginseng root
- American Ginseng helps in supporting a healthy sex drive, enhances sexual performance in men and helps in treating erectile dysfunction. It also strengthens the HPA (hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal) axis, thus helping in maintaining a hormonal balance and immune function.
- Ashwagandha root
- This herb was traditionally used to improve sex drive and increase the low sperm count. Ashwagandha also supports endocrine system function for the overall hormonal balance.
- Epimedium is known as an aphrodisiac, thus increasing sexual desire and performance. It has been shown helpful in aiding a sustained erection.
- This herb has been traditionally used for men who have complained of low libido, erectile dysfunction, low sperm count and poor sperm motility.
Side Effects of Male Fertility Drugs
Common side effects for taking male fertility drugs are weight gain, blurred vision, breast tenderness, and nausea amongst others.
With the rise in men and women facing infertility issues, there is also a rise in the many fertility booster drugs in the market. There is an apparent understanding of why there is desperation for such fertility drugs but they should still be used with proper guidance from one’s doctor. Desperation can make one do crazy and risky things, but they might cost one’s health. No one would want to be a parent with bad health and some of the drugs might even have a bad effect on the child’s health. There are many over the counter fertility drugs available, but choosing the right one is a priority and of utmost importance for the parents trying to conceive and for the baby who might be born with the help of these fertility drugs.