At 14 weeks, you are entering the second trimester of pregnancy and if this is the first pregnancy, you will find this the most comfortable. The first trimester, which could be plagued with morning sickness and initial changes in your body, is behind you. Compared to the last trimester still ahead, you are still comfortable and no feeling of cumbersome and awkwardly large belly yet. Pregnant women could expect a surge of energy with extra hormones in abundance. This is one of the exciting times when going for an ultrasound at 13, 14, 15 or 16 week.
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How Your Body and Life Changed?
This is the most exciting trimester and most women cannot wait to go for their 14 week ultrasound, as they are thrilled to start showing signs of pregnancy. At this time have you probably had two previous ultra sounds, including the Nuchal Translucency scan in order to establish or eliminate the possibility of Down’s syndrome. A pregnant woman experiences skin elasticity, stretching around the chest, back, and abdomen in accommodating her continuously growing uterus. When you press down gently in your lower abdomen, you would feel the upper top of the uterus. You would know it is your uterus simply because previously there was no growth above your pelvic bone.
20 Common Signs to Expect During the 14th Week
- Painful intercourse or back pain.
- Burning or pain when urinating, increased vaginal discharge.
- Abdominal pain that is accompanied with vision changes, dizziness and severe headaches, which could be high blood pressure that often occurs in otherwise healthy women during pregnancy.
- Extreme fatigue or weakness.
- Worsening morning sickness.
- Occasional spotting.
- Flatulence, gas, heartburn and indigestion which is caused by the uterus moving up the abdomen and putting additional pressure on your gastrointestinal tract.
- Excessive saliva.
- Leg cramps.
- Swollen, prominent blood vessels, especially on your legs which is the cause of increased blood volumes.
- Mood swings and emotional changes due to the hormonal imbalance.
- Continued changes to the breasts and tender breasts.
- Stretch marks around bum, breasts and tummy areas.
- Changes to an otherwise healthy skin such as appearance of rashes and acne or bearing the pregnancy glow.
- Pain in the tailbone.
- Round ligament pain.
- Muscle and joint pain.
- Flu-like symptoms such as coughing, sneezing or congested or runny nose.
- Leg and muscle cramping due to the slower blood circulation.
However, on the upside do take notice that these are possibilities and not a foregone conclusion. The advantage of reaching the second trimester is that miscarriage chances have dropped to over 75%. Most women who miscarry do so within the first trimester and as such are you quite safely out of the danger zone.
How Your Baby Has Changed?
Your ultrasound shows much more than previous ultrasounds and your baby’s changes are much different from previous ultrasounds. One of the most exciting aspects is that a baby’s gender is complete at 14 weeks; however, it might be too soon to actually see the gender. Parents, who request to know the sex, are often disappointed as the gender is easily misjudged at this stage.
- Performing a Doppler ultrasound during the ultrasound will give parents the opportunity to hear the heartbeat that sounds like a fluttering sound at this stage.
- You will see a hardening of bones and a definite change in growth.
- Your baby will be moving his or her arms and legs and a pleasant surprise might await when baby sucks for the first time on a minute thumb.
- Your baby isan unique individual at this stage, with the sex developed and having his or her own set of fingerprints.
- Baby sizes and weights vary, however it is now about the size of a lemon and weighing between 40 and 42 grams while it grows stronger and bigger each day.
- The length of a healthy, average fetus at 13, 14 weeks is 8.6 cm or 3.4 inches long.
- The baby takes on the look of a little human being and a person with the eyebrows and hair starting to grow, the color of the hair as well as the texture more often changes after birth.
- They also develop brain impulses which are extraordinary to see a different expression from one second to another, you could expect grimacing, frowning and squinting.
- The arms of the baby is fully proportioned with his or her tiny body at around half-an-inch long, however their little legs will have to grow more before the baby is fully proportioned.
- The transparency of the fetus’s skin will become covered at this point with lanugo, which is a layer of downy, fine hair which is to maintain the fetus’s body temperature.
- During this time is the larynx, vocal cord, esophagus and windpipe already in place even though it will develop more and as baby is floating in amniotic fluid would he or she never make a sound in the uterus.
- Bone development is a continuous factor, but at a 14 week ultrasound, the connective tissue along a fetus’s body develops into bones, which is called an ossification process. This process continues throughout the pregnancy, continues after birth and until adulthood.
- Facial development is complete only in the roof of a fetus’s mouth and the ongoing sucking of the little thumb aids tremendously in muscle growth in order to develop cherubic cheeks.
- The neck of the fetus grows at this point in lifting his or her chin from their chest.
- Ears and eyes at this point are nearly where it would be at birth.
Maintaining a Healthy Baby and Pregnancy at Second Trimester
Your diet is essential for a healthy placenta and wholesome, healthy eating pattern determines the nutrients a baby gets from the placenta. During this period is relaxing exercises advised and great for a good pregnancy and easier birth. Your first trimester, which is more dangerous, is past and starting with yoga and relaxation techniques is advised. Low impact aerobics, swimming (is it safe to swim during pregnancy?) and walking are recommended in your 14 week too.