Heat Stroke in Babies: Causes, Signs and Prevention


Newborns and younger children are susceptible and the most affected when it comes to issues of heat stroke.  When the body overheats with symptomatic muscle heat cramps, you can say that such a child is experiencing heat stroke. Experts have surmised that this condition can be life-threatening to the kid, since, the body temperature is heightened and there are no seeming means of cooling it. Therefore, heat stroke in babies occurs due to significant exposure to scorching weather conditions.

If a child is allowed to stay in a heated environment or ride in a hot car for a long time, there is the tendency that such baby may develop a heat stroke.

Let us look at several other factors can lead to baby heatstroke.

What Causes Heat Strokes 

When the body is overheated, and there is no medium to regulate and lower this heat exhaustion in babies, it could lead to sunstroke.  This condition will subsequently lead to an increase in the child’s body temperature, which could endanger the life of such a baby.

Another reason why this may occur is hanging outdoors with the baby for too long in hot weather situations. Again, as we have said before, riding in a hot car or even allowing the baby to remain in the car alone for any reason can cause heatstroke.  A baby can develop heatstroke if allowed to stay in a hot environment within a few minutes.

Now, you may be wondering and asking the question, “Can babies get heat stroke?” The truth is that the human body can overheat in various ways because high body temperature is the primary cause of sunstroke and heat stroke as the case may be. When you wrap and wad a baby with many clothes, he will get heat strokes, as this can cause much pressure and overheating on him and increase the body temperature radically.

The Signs of Heat Stroke in Babies

signs of Heat Stroke in Babies

If your baby appears to be weak, tired, and thirsty and the skin texture becomes cool and full of moist, then invariably, this is a sign of heat exhaustion in babies. The child may begin to experience aches, pains, and cramps in the legs and even stomach. Moreover, if this babies’ heat exhaustion continues, it will rapidly develop into heat stroke. Then, you will begin to notice the following signs and symptoms in the child:

  • The baby may become dizzy and unconscious.
  • Rapid heartbeat and shallow breathing.
  • Your child becomes restless and confused.
  • He is dehydrated and thirsty.
  • The skin of your baby becomes red, hot, and dry.
  • The temperature may rise above 103° Fahrenheit or 39.4 ° Celsius.
  • You may notice nauseating, vomiting, and the baby experiencing a headache.

But, you may be asking, “How long does sunstroke last?”

How Long Does Sunstroke Last?

According to research, experts have stated that the recovery time for sunstroke is variable depending on how responsive the child is to the treatment options available at the time. For instance, cooling the body by drinking plenty of water and taking cold showers are some of the ways to handle sunstroke. However, if the baby is taken to a hospital on time for medications, the initial recovery could be within one day to two days. After this, the total recovery time may take about two months to one year as the case may be.

How to Get Over Heat Stroke

How to Prevent Heat Stroke in Babies

Do you want your baby to get over heat stroke? Here are a few things to know if you want your baby to over heat stroke.

Try to Lower the Temperature

In fact, the first thing you should do is try to lower the high temperature as much as you can and do it quickly. The reason for this is that heat strokes can lead to dizziness and unconsciousness. Again, remove tight or heavy and unnecessary clothing materials. With these measures, you will be able to reduce the temperature and restore the child’s condition from getting worse.

Locate a Shady and Cool Place or an Air Conditioning Room

Secondly, locate a shady place or a cold environment, and preferably an air-conditioned room and take the child there. Carry the child to the hospital, if it is convenient for you and do that as fast as possible to save the baby’s life.

Call 911 or Accident and Emergency Department

At this stage, you can call 911 and if you notice that their response is delayed, then call the Accident and Emergency Unit for instructions on the necessary steps to take.

Maintain a Conversation between You and the Baby

Ensure to maintain a good conversation with your child until medical help is available. Do not succumb to the temptation of administering heat lowering drugs because they are not suitable for reducing high temperatures caused by heat strokes.

Give the Child Enough Water and Other Fluids

Due to the effects of heat exhaustion in babies, give the child enough water and other fluids such as fruit juices to reduce dehydration and resuscitate the child.  Additionally, if you are still breastfeeding such baby, you can offer your breast milk or even formula milk depending on the age accordingly.

Use Cool Towels and Give a Cool Bath

Another useful method to get over babies heat exhaustion and heat stroke are giving them a first aid, which is by placing cool towels around the body of your child, but if you notice that this is not yielding a positive result, then give a cooling bath to the baby immediately.  After the shower, allow the child to stay indoors throughout the day.

Moreover, you can give the child an ice bath or merely placing him or her in a tub of fresh water to calm down the high temperature as the case may be.

Raise up the Child’s Legs for Blood to Flow into the Heart

When a child is in this condition, blood circulation may be limited in the body and may not be diffusing into the heart. Therefore, if you want to ensure that the child survives this life-threatening ailment, raise up his legs and allow blood to flow into the heart.

Preventing the Occurrence of Heat Strokes in Babies – Some Safety Tips

It is quite simple to avoid the occurrence of heat strokes in children and keep them healthy as much as possible.  Let’s dig deeper to unravel some safety tips you need to know while ensuring your child never encounters heat exhaustion and heat strokes as the case may be.

Preventing the Occurrence of Heat Strokes

Keep Your Baby Hydrated Always By Providing Enough Water and Other Fluids

You can prevent the symptoms of heat stroke in babies by keeping your child always hydrated, as you provide enough water and other fluids. As the baby drinks water, fruit juices, formula milk, or even the breast milk for a lactating kid, he will stay safe from heat exhaustion and heat stroke accordingly.  Also, breastfeeding moms should also increase the quantity of water they take to prevent dehydration and heat exhaustion as well.

Take Protective Measures While Hanging Outdoors

It is advisable to take protective measures while hanging outdoors with your baby like wearing sunglasses and baby sun hats on your child. Also, put on your kid light and bright colored dresses to allow fresh air to cool his body.  If you can prevent the rays of the sun from overheating your child, then, he will stay safe and healthy.

Avoid Leaving Your Child in the Car

Do you know that cars heat up too quickly? Of course, cars heat up quickly; therefore, leaving your kid alone in the car is dangerous, as this can expose him or her to harmful sun’s rays. Even if you open the windows, it is not still enough to go away like that because, within ten to fifteen minutes, the heat waves and temperature may be so high as to jeopardize your lovely child.

Escape from Heat Waves by Keeping the Child Indoors

Heat waves are dangerous to a child’s health; therefore, keeping your baby indoors in an air-conditioned apartment is ideal to escape from the debilitating and draining effects of heat waves. However, if you do not have any air-conditioning in your home, you can use fans to reduce the impact of weather on your toddler.

Beware of Heat Warning

Always listen to news of heat warning from the national weather service.  Whenever you hear information of heat disasters, then keep your child indoors and well protected as much as possible.

With these tips, you can prevent the devastating effects of heat waves, heat exhaustion, and heat strokes on your baby.

Keeping Your Baby Hydrated and Safe from Heat Stroke

Dehydration and heat exhaustion are the causes of symptoms of heat stroke in babies. By giving the kid, enough water and other fluids, keeping him indoors during heat waves, avoid leaving your toddler alone in the car, taking protective measures while hanging outdoors, you will keep your baby hydrated and safe from heat strokes that can mar his health and wellbeing.

Related Reading:

10 Best Baby Sunscreens for Summer 2018

Sun Safety For Kids: The Ultimate Guide For Parents 2018


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