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Week two of pregnancy is much like week one in the way of subtle symptomatology and overall physical and emotional changes. Many, if not most women feel as though they aren’t even pregnant. Despite the lack of overt symptoms and telltale signs, week two is a time in the pregnancy trajectory that is important and noteworthy in many regards.
It is during week two that your body begins to produce copious amounts of pregnancy-related hormones while your baby is simultaneously picking up speed in the growth process and begins to grow at a faster rate than at any other time within the typical pregnancy timeline.
Week two is an exciting week – if you know what to look for and are well informed as to what’s occurring within your body. It is during this time that the gender of your baby has been established, subsequently leading to the formation of their major organs.
At the two-week mark, it is imperative for mothers-to-be to begin a regular folic acid supplementation regime. Folic acid is the synthetic form of folate and is critically essential during pregnancy due to its ability to prevent birth defects in the neural tube, brain, and spinal cord.
While the inclusion of Folic acid is of highly important value, mothers should also be placing equal value on obtaining the full spectrum of proper vitamins and minerals for both their own health and to optimize their baby’s development while also ensuring there are no dangerous vitamin deficiencies that could result in serious birth defects.
A high-quality multivitamin is a great convenient option that doesn’t require too much in the way of time, investment, or thinking. However, vitamins, in general,are best obtained from natural food sources; as such, mothers should begin incorporating plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables, and sources of high-quality protein into their daily diet.
Alcohol, tobacco, and nicotine should be avoided at all costs. By week two, mothers who previously drank alcohol or smoked cigarettes need to find the willpower to quit. There are plenty of resources online (and listed at the bottom of this page)aimed at helping pregnant women kick alcohol and cigarette habits to ensure the birth of a healthy baby. It’s also important that pregnant women make a concerted effort to stay away from smokers due to the hazards of secondhand smoke. If you are pregnant and living in a household with smokers, now is the opportune time to have a frank discussion with them to ensure that you are not subject to dangerous air contaminated with smoke and tobacco particles.
Your Physical and Emotional Health
2 Weeks Pregnant: Symptoms
- Mood swings, irritability, bouts of anger, general moodiness
- Missed period
- Breasts feel swollen, tender, sore
- Increased urination
- Ovulation begins
- The body’s overall basal temperature fluctuates and then rises
- Vaginal discharge will occur with variable changes in texture, color, and consistency
Your Baby’s Health and Status
2 Weeks Pregnant: Baby’s status
In week one of your pregnancy, you will have experienced an increase in pregnancy-related hormones such as progesterone and estrogen along with a uterine lining slowly transforming into a thick, dense tissue lining that will house the fertilized egg.
The first week also featured the occurrence of the eggs enshrouded within your ovaries beginning to ripen into what’s called follicles, which are sacs filled with fluid. At the beginning of week two, many women may begin to ovulate. Ovulation entails the eruption and subsequent dislocation of the egg from fluid-filled sacs mentioned above to begin their destination into the fallopian tube.
It’s important to note that ovulation is different for all women. Some women may begin to ovulate on the 9th day, while other women may begin to ovulate on the 21st day. It’s best not to get too wrapped up in when your body begins the ovulation process. Many women compare their pregnancies to the pregnancies experienced by their friends and family and begin to worry that something is amiss if they don’t have similar experiences. Regardless of when ovulation begins for you, it is absolutely recommended to relax, let the process happen, and simply go with the flow without thinking too much into it.
Throughout the next day after ovulation, the egg will be fertilized by any one of the hundreds of millions of sperm that manage to make the voyage up through the cervix, uterus, and finally the fallopian tube, at which point it penetrates and fertilizes the egg.
In very short time (roughly 10-30 hours later) the nucleus located within the sperm will consolidate with the egg and incorporate the genetic material found within each.
When the egg makes its way from the fallopian tube to the uterus, it essentially begins a transformation process that takes place very quickly. The egg (now fertilized) is instead referred to as a zygote, which becomes broken down into sixteen identical cells and then forms into a sphere of cells called the morula. The morula goes on to the implant itself into the dense walls of the uterus and becomes referred to as a blastocyst. At this time, it will very quickly begin to nestle itself within theblood-rich lining of the uterus and maintain its ongoing growth and overall transformation.
The blastocyst essentially IS your baby. The spherical mass of cells will eventually go on to become the embryo as well as the amniotic sac and the placenta as well.
Tips, Tricks, and Knowledge
2 Weeks Pregnant: Useful information
- Fluids, exercise, and fiber can help immensely with mitigating early pregnancy symptoms
- Eating a vitamin-rich diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and high-quality protein will make you feel great and provide your baby with plenty of optimal nutrition
- Vaping might be better for your health than cigarettes but is not recommended while you are pregnant – make a concerted effort to quit alcohol, cigarettes, and any nicotine-containing products to optimize your baby’s health
- Vaginal discharge (cervical mucus) and changes in Basal Temperature are indicators that ovulation is occurring
Week 2 To-do List and Reminders
2 Weeks Pregnant: Tasks
- Stop any unhealthy habits such as smoking cigarettes, vaping, high caffeine intake, and poor eating habits.
- Start eating plenty of fruit, vegetables, and high-quality protein
- Limit refined sugar and unhealthy simple carbohydrates
- Limit your intake of artificial sweeteners or omit them from your diet altogether
- If you haven’t already, start taking 400 micrograms of Folic acid per day and a quality multivitamin
- Stop unhealthy habits such as smoking, drinking, and excessive caffeine
- Take a prenatal vitamin with 400 mcg folic acid daily
- Have a frank discussion with smokers in your household and create solutions that will guarantee your baby is safe from second-hand smoke
Folic Acid: Folic acid is the synthetic form of folate, also known as vitamin B9. It is important due to its ability to prevent birth defects
Morula: A spherical ball of cells made from a divided fertilized egg; also, the final stage before transforming into a Blastocyst and the many subsequent formations after that point, such as the creation of the Amniotic Sac.
Zygote: The term for the fertilized egg that has made its way from the fallopian tube to the uterus. Breaks down into sixteen identical cells and becomes a Morula
Blastocyst: Contains a mass of cells that will go on to form the Placenta and Amniotic Sac
Amniotic Sac: A cavity filled with fluids that is a by-product of the Blastocyst
Placenta: Provides oxygen and vital nutrients to your baby and rids the body of waste
Cool Things to Know
Of the roughly 250 million sperm swimming around, only a mere 400 are able to survive the voyage to the egg. Of those 400, only one single sperm will make the ultimate goal of penetrating the egg’s membrane and subsequently incorporating its genetic material.
Smoking Cessation Resources for Pregnant Women
Ready to find out what’s next in your pregnancy journey?
Click here for all the information you need to know about week 3 in pregnancy!